Global Neurosurgery Activities in the Latin American Region


  • Jose A Soriano National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Luis A Borba Federal University of Parana Curitiba, Brazil.
  • Dylan P Griswold NIHR Global Health Research Group on Neurotrauma, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  • Laura Fernandez Neuroscience Institute, INUB-MEDITECH Research Group, El Bosque University, Bogotá, Colombia
  • Andres M Rubiano Neurological Surgery Service, Vallesalud Clinic, Cali, Colombia




Latin America comprises 33 countries and 15 dependencies of other countries, having a population of over 630 million inhabitants (Tables 1 and 2). As one of the most urbanized regions worldwide and with many diverse cities, there is a large variability in life expectancy and mortality profiles. A recent study on the life expectancy and mortality in 363 Latin American towns published in Nature found that Life expectancy at birth ranges from 74–83 years and 63–77 years in women and men. Regarding mortality profiles, they found proportionate mortality by violent injury from near 0%, similar to Italy, to almost 20%, identical to Iraq (1).